a

Nid Year Notes All terms
585 1 1999

3.74 times the risk of developing cancer; Higher risk, the longer the exposure.

a, Getaway2011
768 2 2003

Atkins diet had fewer calories, hence the weight loss.

a, Atkins Diet
769 3 2007
a, Atkins Diet
770 4 2000
a, Diabetes
771 5 2002
a
776 6 2004
Crandall C. Vitamin A intake and osteoporosis: a clinical review. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2004;13(8):939-53. Abstract
a, Osteoporosis
777 7 2005

Up to 19% increase in the risk of heart failure in volunteers who took Vitamin E.

a, CVD
778 8 1995
a, CVD
779 9 1997
a, CVD
780 10 2002
a, CVD
781 11 2003

Fish intake is positively associated with breast cancer incidence rate.

a
782 12 2005

In a typical Mediterranean country, general outlines of Mediterranean diet are not completely followed, especially concerning total fats, SFA, PUFA and vitamins' intake.

a, CVD
783 13 2005

Aggressive treatment not supported for localized low-grade prostate cancer. Men with low-grade prostate cancers have a minimal risk of dying from prostate cancer during 20 years of follow-up (Gleason score of 2-4, 6 deaths per 1000 person-years; 95% CI, 2-11). Men with high-grade prostate cancers have a high probability of dying from prostate cancer within 10 years of diagnosis (Gleason score of 8-10, 121 deaths per 1000 person-years; 95% CI, 90-156). Men with Gleason score of 5 or 6 tumors have an intermediate risk of prostate cancer death.

a, Cancer
784 14 2004

PSA invalid. No statistically significant difference was found in the incidence of Prostate Cancer (23.6%) between men with low and intermediate PSA levels in a Japanese population. The diagnostic yield was comparable to that reported for both white and black men.

a, Cancer
785 15 2003

No association between the intensity of PSA screening and subsequent decreases in prostate cancer mortality.

a, Cancer
786 16 2005
a
787 17 1990

CASS study: no difference in survivability between patients who had medicine + surgery, and just medicine (without surgery).

a, CVD
788 18 2000

CASS Study follow-up: No better results 10 years after medicine+angioplasty than just medicine without angioplasty. The rate of survival was 86% 10 years after PTCA 9ANGIOPLASTY) compared with 85% after CABG (bypass) and 82% after medical treatment in patients from the CASS trial (p = NS). Survival free from myocardial infarction was 77% after coronary angioplasty, 70% after CABG, and 72% after medical treatment.

a, CVD
790 19 2005
a, Cancer
791 20 2004

Red blood cell (RBC) fatty acid (FA) composition reflects long-term intake of EPA + DHA. We propose that the RBC EPA + DHA (hereafter called the Omega-3 Index) be considered a new risk factor for death from CHD.
The Omega-3 Index was inversely associated with risk for CHD mortality. An Omega-3 Index of > or = 8% was associated with the greatest cardioprotection, whereas an index of < or = 4% was associated with the least.

a
792 21 2003

Urine samples collected for 24 h during and after the migraine attack, and during the headache-free period, were assayed for urinary NO stable metabolites (NOx) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). During the headache-free period urinary NOx and TBARS levels were higher in migraine sufferers than in controls. TBARS is an assay for lipid peroxidation.

a
793 22 2004

The positive relationship between depressive symptoms and Lipid peroxidation (LPO) in a female population may support the hypothesis that LPO may affect depressive symptoms.

a
794 23 2001

Cruciferous vegetables contain secondary metabolites termed glucosinolates that break down to products that upregulate hepatic detoxification enzymes.

We have previously shown that a mixture of four major glucosinolate breakdown products from Brussels sprouts interact to produce synergistic induction of phase II detoxification enzymes.

From Dr. Fuhrman's Healthy Times, January 2007: glucosinolates "work synergistically and are most effective when whole food sources are used rather than supplemental extracts from greens."

a
795 24 2006

Chronic daily headache and obesity are associated. Obesity is a stronger risk factor for transformed migraine than for chronic tension-type headache.

a
796 25 1999

A review of the literature indicates that high levels of blood lipids and high levels of free fatty acids are among the important factors involved in triggering migraine headaches.

a
797 26 2002

Rancid oils, rich in omega-6 unsaturated fatty acids, could be involved not only in tumor promotion but in initiation as well.

a, Cancer
798 27 2005

This review summarizes the knowledge in terms of dietary omega-3 fatty acid intake and metabolism, as well as evidence pointing to potential mechanisms of omega-3 fatty acids in normal brain functioning, development of neuropsychiatric disorders and efficacy of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in terms of symptom management.

ecreased blood levels of omega-3 fatty acids have been associated with several neuropsychiatric conditions, including Attention Deficit (Hyperactivity) Disorder, Alzheimer's Disease, Schizophrenia and Depression. Supplementation studies, using individual or combination omega-3 fatty acids, suggest the possibility for decreased symptoms associated with some of these conditions.

a
799 28 2003

Current opinions favoring monounsaturated fatty acids are based on epidemiological data and risk factor analysis, but are questioned by the demonstrated detrimental effects on atherosclerosis in animal models.

a
800 29 2000

Pravastatin treatment is effective in reducing coronary heart disease events in patients with high or low risk factor status and across a wide range of pretreatment lipid concentrations. However, Dr. Fuhrman adds, in Healthy Times July 2006 "In the PROSPER study, the 22 fewer deaths for vascular disease in the pravastatin group were offset by an increase of 24 deaths from cancer."

a