Risk factors for stomach cancer in sixty-five Chinese counties.

TitleRisk factors for stomach cancer in sixty-five Chinese counties.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1992
AuthorsKneller RW, Guo WD, Hsing AW, Chen JS, Blot WJ, Li JY, Forman D, Fraumeni JF
JournalCancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
Date Published1992 Jan-Feb
KeywordsAdult, Antibodies, Bacterial, beta Carotene, Carotenoids, China, Cross-Sectional Studies, Diet Surveys, Eggs, Female, Helicobacter Infections, Helicobacter pylori, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Residence Characteristics, Risk Factors, Selenium, Serum Albumin, Sodium, Dietary, Stomach Neoplasms, Vegetables

Stomach cancer mortality data were compared with dietary and biochemical data from 65 Chinese counties to provide clues to reasons for the marked geographic variation of stomach cancer mortality rates in China. Sex-specific correlation and multivariate regression analyses showed significant positive associations with consumption of salted vegetables and eggs, prevalence of antibodies to Helicobacter pylori, and levels of plasma albumin; and significant negative associations with intake of green vegetables and levels of plasma selenium and beta-carotene. Limitations of ecological data preclude causal inferences, but these findings suggest factors that may contribute to making stomach cancer the leading cause of cancer death in China and other countries.

Alternate JournalCancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
PubMed ID1306092
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