Relationship between cows' milk consumption and incidence of IDDM in childhood.

TitleRelationship between cows' milk consumption and incidence of IDDM in childhood.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1991
AuthorsDahl-Jørgensen K, Joner G, Hanssen KF
JournalDiabetes care
Volume14
Issue11
Pagination1081-3
Date Published1991 Nov
ISSN0149-5992
KeywordsAdolescent, Animals, Canada, Cattle, Child, Child, Preschool, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Europe, Food Habits, Humans, Incidence, Infant, Israel, Japan, Milk, New Zealand, Registries, United States
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare age-standardized incidence rates of diabetes in children 0-14 yr of age and cows' milk consumption in various countries.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Ecological correlation study. Only incidence rates from diabetes registries carefully validated by the Diabetes Epidemiology Research International Study Group were used-Finland, Sweden, Norway, Great Britain, Denmark, United States, New Zealand, Netherlands, Canada, France, Israel, and Japan. Data on fluid cows' milk consumption in corresponding countries were obtained from the International Dairy Federation.

RESULTS: Correlation between milk consumption and incidence of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) was 0.96. The data fit a linear regression model, and analysis showed that 94% of the geographic variation in incidence might be explained by differences in milk consumption.

CONCLUSIONS: The results support the hypothesis that cows' milk may contain a triggering factor for the development of IDDM.

Alternate JournalDiabetes Care
PubMed ID1797491
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