Egg consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in men and women.


Men consuming 7 or more eggs per week are 58% more likely to develop type-2 diabetes and women are 77% more likely. Men with diabetes who ate any eggs at all were twice as likely to die in the 20 year period. The researchers are not sure which component of the egg is to blame; however suggestive evidence was present for increased risk of heart attack and stroke.

TitleEgg consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in men and women.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsDjoussé L, Gaziano MJ, Buring JE, Lee I-M
JournalDiabetes care
Date Published2009 Feb
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Alcohol Drinking, Cholesterol, Dietary, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, diet, Eggs, Exercise, Female, Humans, Hypercholesterolemia, Male, Middle Aged, Proportional Hazards Models, Prospective Studies, Questionnaires, Risk, Risk Assessment, Sex Characteristics, Smoking

OBJECTIVE: Whereas limited and inconsistent findings have been reported on the relation between dietary cholesterol or egg consumption and fasting glucose, no previous study has examined the association between egg consumption and type 2 diabetes. This project sought to examine the relation between egg intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes in two large prospective cohorts.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this prospective study, we used data from two completed randomized trials: 20,703 men from the Physicians' Health Study I (1982-2007) and 36,295 women from the Women's Health Study (1992-2007). Egg consumption was ascertained using questionnaires, and we used the Cox proportional hazard model to estimate relative risks of type 2 diabetes.

RESULTS: During mean follow-up of 20.0 years in men and 11.7 years in women, 1,921 men and 2,112 women developed type 2 diabetes. Compared with no egg consumption, multivariable adjusted hazard ratios for type 2 diabetes were 1.09 (95% CI 0.87-1.37), 1.09 (0.88-1.34), 1.18 (0.95-1.45), 1.46 (1.14-1.86), and 1.58 (1.25-2.01) for consumption of <1, 1, 2-4, 5-6, and > or =7 eggs/week, respectively, in men (P for trend <0.0001). Corresponding multivariable hazard ratios for women were 1.06 (0.92-1.22), 0.97 (0.83-1.12), 1.19 (1.03-1.38), 1.18 (0.88-1.58), and 1.77 (1.28-2.43), respectively (P for trend <0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that high levels of egg consumption (daily) are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in men and women. Confirmation of these findings in other populations is warranted.

Alternate JournalDiabetes Care
PubMed ID19017774
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