[The effect of dietary oils on blood lipids and the risk of ischemic heart disease with special emphasis on olive oil. A literature review].

Notes: 

15 studies reviewed: the consumption of olive oil was associated with a 7% increase in the risk of coronary heart disease.

Olive oil cannot be considered more cardioprotective than other unsaturated vegetable oils as judged from its effects on blood lipids, raising LDL, and triglycerides

Title[The effect of dietary oils on blood lipids and the risk of ischemic heart disease with special emphasis on olive oil. A literature review].
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsJespersen L, Jakobsen MU, Hasseldam H, Marckmann P
JournalUgeskrift for laeger
Volume163
Issue35
Pagination4736-40
Date Published2001 Aug 27
ISSN0041-5782
KeywordsAdult, Cholesterol, HDL, Cholesterol, LDL, Coronary Disease, Dietary Fats, Female, Food Habits, Humans, Lipids, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Ischemia, Plant Oils, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Risk Assessment
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The European Union is financing a large-scale campaign, in which olive oil is represented as the optimal fat for dietetic prevention of coronary heart disease.

METHOD: We reviewed all controlled dietary studies comparing the effect on blood lipids of olive oil and alternative vegetable oils. Fifteen studies were identified.

RESULTS: Consumption of olive oil was associated with significantly raised plasma concentrations of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (+6.5%), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (), and triglycerides (+7%) as compared with an average of the alternative oils. In the light of these differences in blood lipids and the risk coefficients published earlier, we calculated that the consumption of olive oil was associated with a 7% increase in the risk of coronary heart disease.

CONCLUSION: We conclude that olive oil cannot be considered more cardioprotective than other unsaturated vegetable oils as judged from its effects on blood lipids.

Alternate JournalUgeskr. Laeg.
PubMed ID11572048
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