Diabetic diets: high carbohydrate combined with high fiber.

Notes: 

Dietary fiber supplements not as consistently beneficial as plant-based whole-foods diet.

TitleDiabetic diets: high carbohydrate combined with high fiber.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1980
AuthorsJenkins DJ, Wolever TM, Bacon S, Nineham R, Lees R, Rowden R, Love M, Hockaday TD
JournalThe American journal of clinical nutrition
Volume33
Issue8
Pagination1729-33
Date Published1980 Aug
ISSN0002-9165
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Cellulose, Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Diet, Dietary Carbohydrates, Dietary Fiber, Energy Intake, Female, Glycosuria, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Starch
Abstract

The ideal level of carbohydrate intake for diabetics placed on high-fiber diets is unknown. Nineteen diabetics, therefore, took part in a total of twenty-four 5-day studies of fiber supplementation (guar) with carbohydrate intakes ranging from 22 to 61% of total calories. Where carbohydrate formed more than 40% of the calorie intake, there was a mean 64% reduction in glycosuria over the last 2 days on guar (P < 0.001, 14 studies, 11 patients). No significant reduction in glycosuria was seen in the 10 studies on lower carbohydrate intakes. This suggests that dietary fiber supplements in diabetes should be given against a background of higher rather than lower carbohydrate intake.

Alternate JournalAm. J. Clin. Nutr.
PubMed ID6250394
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