Can lifestyle changes reverse coronary heart disease? The Lifestyle Heart Trial.

Notes: 

Prevention and Reversal. Comprehensive lifestyle changes may be able to bring about regression of even severe coronary atherosclerosis after only 1 year, without use of lipid-lowering drugs. [See also Esselstyn]

TitleCan lifestyle changes reverse coronary heart disease? The Lifestyle Heart Trial.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1990
AuthorsOrnish D, Brown SE, Scherwitz LW, Billings JH, Armstrong WT, Ports TA, McLanahan SM, Kirkeeide RL, Brand RJ, Gould KL
JournalLancet
Volume336
Issue8708
Pagination129-33
Date Published1990 Jul 21
ISSN0140-6736
Abstract

In a prospective, randomised, controlled trial to determine whether comprehensive lifestyle changes affect coronary atherosclerosis after 1 year, 28 patients were assigned to an experimental group (low-fat vegetarian diet, stopping smoking, stress management training, and moderate exercise) and 20 to a usual-care control group. 195 coronary artery lesions were analysed by quantitative coronary angiography. The average percentage diameter stenosis regressed from 40.0 (SD 16.9)% to 37.8 (16.5)% in the experimental group yet progressed from 42.7 (15.5)% to 46.1 (18.5)% in the control group. When only lesions greater than 50% stenosed were analysed, the average percentage diameter stenosis regressed from 61.1 (8.8)% to 55.8 (11.0)% in the experimental group and progressed from 61.7 (9.5)% to 64.4 (16.3)% in the control group. Overall, 82% of experimental-group patients had an average change towards regression. Comprehensive lifestyle changes may be able to bring about regression of even severe coronary atherosclerosis after only 1 year, without use of lipid-lowering drugs.

URLhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0140-6736(90)91656-U
Short TitleLancet
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