Brachial artery ultrasound: a noninvasive tool in the assessment of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins.

TitleBrachial artery ultrasound: a noninvasive tool in the assessment of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsVogel RA
JournalClinical cardiology
Volume22
Issue6 Suppl
PaginationII34-9
Date Published1999 Jun
ISSN0160-9289
KeywordsBrachial Artery, Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic, Coronary Disease, Endothelium, Vascular, Humans, Hypercholesterolemia, Lipoproteins, LDL, Sensitivity and Specificity, Triglycerides
Abstract

In recent years, endothelial dysfunction has been identified as an early feature of atherosclerosis. Endothelial function can be measured noninvasively by using brachial artery ultrasound. A variety of factors associated with atherosclerosis also impair endothelial function. Some of these factors are lipoproteins such as various forms of low-density lipoproteins, postprandial chylomicron remnants, fasting triglyceride-rich particles, and free fatty acids. A high-fat diet also has an adverse effect on endothelial function. Several interventions can improve endothelial function and, at the same time, reduce cardiovascular events. Measuring endothelial function may eventually serve as a useful index to determine an individual's risk for coronary artery disease.

Alternate JournalClin Cardiol
PubMed ID10376195
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